6th World Nursing and Healthcare Conference
Tsaotun Psychiatric Center, Taiwan
Title: Factors associated to self-efficacy for social participation of patients with mental illness in Taiwan
Biography: Mei-Ling Lin
Background: Social participation is a part of psychiatric rehabilitation program that connect mental illness person into community. Self-efficacy is an essential factor among social participation to lead patient in social participation. Self-efficacy for social participation needs to be more fully examined. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the associated factors of mental illness self-efficacy for social participation. Methods: Cross-section designs and convenience sampling were used in this study. Participants’ ages above 20 whose diagnosis is schizophrenia or affective schizophrenia from community and outpatient department of hospital in central of Taiwan. Self-efficacy for social participation scale (SESP) to measure self-efficacy in social participation among mental illness. The SESP scale consisted of four dimensions with 27 items. Internal consistency of the overall SESP Cronbach’s α= .96 in this study. Three hundred valid questionnaires were analyzed. Results: The participants were 300 severe mental illnesses. There are no significant differences between demography data with SESP, i.e., onset age, gender, education, diagnosis in SESP. One-way ANOVA analysis of group mean scores showed significant differences among employed status (F=8.33, p<.000). Employed participants reported significantly greater SESP than patients who did not work. Participants have psychiatric rehabilitation work reported significantly greater SESP than patients who did not work. Conculsion: This study clinical implications shows that self-efficacy for social participation has significantly affects SMI in work participation but not significance with demography. Work may be experienced interaction with other to leads higher social participation. In clinical, professional should can be encourage patients participate work traning to increase social interaction.