6th World Nursing and Healthcare Conference
Universidad Maimónides, Argentina
Title: Intervention tools for prevention and diagnosis of diabetic foot: A comparative study
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Biography: Micaela Scuri
The diabetic foot is one of the chronic complications of diabetes mellitus secondary to sustained hyperglycemia. Arterial ulcers are lesions which appear as a result of blood flow deficit and chronic ischemic processes. Objective: The following research was aimed to compare those elements of intervention currently used for both diagnosis and prevention of diabetic foot ulcers in order to obtain an overview of the procedures according to their evolutionary state. The presence of risk factors is essential in the ischemic disease, so promoting healthy lifestyles should be done on the general population. Methodology: We start by the detection of the 'risk foot' as well as an exploration of neuropathies mainly by two methods: Perception of the monofilament Semmens-Weinstein and Vibration of a tuning fork. A literature review on the methods of diagnosis and prevention was performed. The information was sought by the combination of the keywords: diabetic foot, diabetes complications, diabetic neuropathy, foot ulcers and diabetes prevention guidelines. Research made on free access sources of databases: DGB-UNAM, SciELO, Google Scholar, LILACS, PubMed, American Diabetes Association, WHO, IntraMed and websites belonging to the Argentine Government: Ministry of Health of the Nation and Ministry of Social Development. Results: It was found that the perception of the monofilament was the most appropriate in terms of convenience and cost-effectiveness for early detection of lower extremity numbness; we even recommend this method to the Latin American Population as it is a very practical method.