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6th World Nursing and Healthcare Conference

London, UK

Bernard Joseph Z. Villaflores

Bernard Joseph Z. Villaflores

University of Santo Tomas, Philippines

Title: Music therapy with the use of gospel songs in reducing the anxiety of primigravid mothers during the third trimester


Biography: Bernard Joseph Z. Villaflores


Pregnancy can place a woman’s life into various instances that can induce anxiety. This anxiety can then cause serious complications that may occur throughout gestation. Hence, this study introduced music therapy as an intervention and evaluated its effectiveness in reducing anxiety among third trimester primigravid mothers. A pre-test and post-test experimental design was utilized. The participants were chosen using purposive sampling. The study consisted of experimental (n=25) and control (n=25) groups. In the experimental group, music therapy was given. The Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), a standardized instrument, was used to assess the pre- and post- anxiety scores of the respondents. Independent t-test, paired t-test, and analysis of covariance were utilized as measures to determine the effectiveness of the therapy.For the pre-test anxiety scores, the control group had a score of 37.64 while the experimental group had 41.32. When post-test scores were collected and interpreted, the control group showed a score of 30.88. Meanwhile, the experimental group acquired 11.44. There was a significant difference after in the post test anxiety scores (p=0.0001).It is concluded in this study that music therapy especially containing gospel songs is an effective way in alleviating the anxiety experienced by primigravid women who are in their third trimester of pregnancy.