6th World Nursing and Healthcare Conference
Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University, Turkey
Title: Pain management in children by pediatric nurses in Bitlis city,Turkey
Biography: Mehtap Omac Sonmez
Pain is unpleasant experience that emotional and physical aspect. When assessment in children, the important problem is children cannot explain the pain. Uncured pain may cause biological, emotional, social problems and even developmental, behavioral problems. Effective pain management requires nurses to have accurate knowledge and skill. This study is explained assessment pain in children by pediatric nurses. This study is cross-sectional descriptive. It was planned to reach pediatric nurses between 22 April- 2013 and 1 june 2013. There was total 90 pediatric nurses working state hospital, private hospital in Bitlis city (east of Turkey). All of the nurses were included in this study. It was requested to fill out a questionnaire containing questions about their knowledge and skill about pain management in children. Data were analyzed by the program of SPSS 22.0 and evaluated by descriptive statistics, and either the Chi-square was used to determine the statistical differences between categorical variables and p< 0.05 was considered statistically significant.The mean ages of the nurses were 26.61±6.45. 51.1% of nurses married and have minimum a child. 46.7% of nurses working in day shift, 34.4% of nurses working day and night shift. 60% of nurses reported they want to work pediatric clinics. Nurses reported how do they assessment pain in children; question to child (76.5%), evaluate the behavior and physiological changes (81%), question to parents (56.6%),evaluate results (19.9%), medical examination (19.9%).Nurses reported what are first interventions management pain in children; consultant doctor (50%), gave analgesic (41.1%), other interventions excluding analgesics(27.6%). Commonly used interventions; gave analgesic (19.3%), to help sleeping (22.3%),to play a game (12.2%) give a massage (36.9%) gave a toy, balloon (5.5%).Optimal pain management is the right of all patients and the responsibility of all health professionals. Especially nurse should offer other interventions excluding analgesics and should be knowledge to nurses about different interventions and evidence based assessments for childrens’ pain.