University of Sao Paulo, Brazil
Title: Application of the knowledge of semiology in the practical field: The critical incidents reported by nursing's students
Biography: Cristina Mara Zamarioli
This study aimed to identify the critical incidents reported by students during activities in a practical field, involving knowledge acquired in the discipline of Semiology and Semiotechnics (anamnesis, physical examination and nursing process). It is a study with a qualitative approach, using the technique of critical incident, used to identify relevant events for the individual. The elements of the critical incidents (situation, behaviors and feelings generated) were obtained in cursive written form about positive or negative experiences. Students enrolled in the nursing undergraduate course (n = 62); 25.8% of the intermediate years and 74.2% of the final years; 90.3% female; Age group of 19 to 35 years (mean of 23.2 years). There were mentioned situations related to: anamnesis and the physical examination of patients in different scenarios, clinical conditions and age ranges; the development of the nursing process; the interaction of the student with patients, care team (with the teacher or supervisor). The reports that portrayed student behavior were analyzed. The positive feelings identified (61.3%) include self-satisfaction and recognition and predominated among the students. The negatives were related to the technical difficulty, represented by impotence, anxiety and insecurity, predominating among intermediate students. These reports portray the use of the knowledge of Semiology in different experiences throughout the course. Also, they allow the improvement of the work plans of the disciplines, especially for the identification and prevention of stressful situations that generate negative feelings. It should be the goal of the teacher to offer teaching that will generate student satisfaction and lower stress load.